Pre-Soviet Baku was rich from their first oil boom, attracting the best European architects of the day. Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater, designed by Nikolai Bayev, opened in 1911. Today, you can catch a performance or visit to marvel at the magnificent art nouveau architecture.
Baku Convention Center is a multifunction complex located close to the city center of Baku. This ultramodern venue is the largest congress center in the Caucasus that can host events of the highest international level. With a large number of flexible conference rooms, as well as a unique large hall with a maximum capacity of up to 3 500 seats, the Congress Center offers excellent opportunities for holding congresses, conferences, seminars, business meetings, concerts and other activities. The Center’s lighting and acoustic systems meet all the modern requirements.
Heydar Aliyev Center — building complex in Baku, Azerbaijan designed by Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid and noted for its distinctive architecture and flowing, curved style that eschews sharp angles. The center is named after Heydar Aliyev, the first secretary of Soviet Azerbaijan from 1969 to 1982, and president of Azerbaijan Republic from October 1993 to October 2003.
The Palace of the Shirvanshahs, the ruling dynasty for 800 years, is on the back of the 10 Manat banknote. The 15th century UNESCO-listed complex has a palace, mosque, burial vaults and a mausoleum making it one of the top Baku attractions in Icheri Sheher.
AZERBAIJAN STATE ACADEMIC PHILHARMONIC HALL NAMED AFTER MUSLIM MAGOMAYEV. The building of the Azerbaijan State Academic Philharmonic was constructed in 1910-1912 as a "Summer Camp of Public Meetings". After the establishment of Soviet power in Azerbaijan in the 1920s, music lovers began to gather in this building, as well as separately operating ensembles and orchestras. On May 25, 1936, the Philharmonic Society was established in Azerbaijan along with the other Republics of the USSR. Restoration work was carried out in 1936-37. On August 11, 1937, by a decision of the Council of People's Commissars at number 5021, a petition was sent to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks) to perpetuate the name of Honored Artist of Arts Muslim Magomedovich Magomayev and confer his name on the Azerbaijan State Academic Philharmonic. There are 7 collective activities in this magnificent concert organization. These include: Azerbaijan State Symphony Orchestra named after U. Hajibeyli under the leadership of People's Artist Rauf Abdullaev, Azerbaijan State Choir Chapel led by People's Artist Gulbadzhi Imanova, Azerbaijan State Chamber Orchestra named after G.Garayev under the direction of People's Artist Fahraddin Kerimov, Azerbaijan State Song and Dance Ensemble named after F.Amirov, as well as the Azerbaijan State Folk Instruments Instrument, under the leadership of People's Artist Agaverdi Pashayev, Azerbaijan State Piano Trio, Azerbaijan State String Quartet. The Azerbaijan State Academic Philharmonic is the leading concert organization of the republic, and also plays an important role in the propaganda of classical music. In addition to the concerts of the groups working at the Philharmonic, performances of famous foreign soloists are held here. In 2017 the Philharmonic has been granted the "Academic" status.
The tallest of the three Flame Towers reaches 182 metres and is perched majestically above Baku Bay. From a distance, the trio resembles flames. And at night, the exterior lights up in the colors of fire.
The Museum of History, inside an Italian Renaissance-style mansion, has more than 300,000 artefacts. Exhibits cover everything from ancient to modern history and ethnography making it the largest museum in Azerbaijan and a top Baku attraction.
The Building of Baku City Executive Power is an administrative building that was built in Baroque style in 1900–1904 on the basis of architect Józef Gosławski’s project. The building is the last work of architect Gosławski. The building constructed on the order of Baku Duma is currently being used by Executive Authority of the Baku City. The building was also registered as a national architectural monument by the decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The opulent baroque House of Government on Neftchilar Avenue was built in 1952. Ministry offices occupy the space inside. The main attraction is the architectural beauty, especially when it lights up at night.
Maiden Tower is a 12th century monument in the Old City. Along with the Shirvanshahs’ Palace, dated to the 15th century, it forms a group of historic monuments listed in 2001 under the UNESCO World Heritage List of Historical Monuments as cultural property, Category III. It is one of Azerbaijan's most distinctive national emblems, and is featured on Azerbaijani currency notes and official letterheads.
Baku Funicular takes passengers from Neftchilar Avenue to Martyrs Alley. Views from the top start with Icheri Sheher and the Old City in the near distance and the new skyscrapers towards the horizon.
Carpet Museum, established in 1967, became the world’s first. Enter the building that resembles a rolled carpet decorated with motifs and learn about traditional carpet weaving and its importance in Azerbaijani culture.
Baku Crystal Hall is a multipurpose sports and concert arena. The arena is designed to hold the large-scale concerts and either team or individual sporting events.
Baku Crystal Hall was constructed on the territory of Baku’s National Flag Cluster specifically to host Eurovision Song Contest 2012. The construction works carried out under supervision of State Commettee in accordance with decree of the President, Mr. Ilham Aliyev.
Main designer of the Complex is the German company “GMP” and the designer of the arena is Swiss company Nussli Internationa AG. The construction of three main components of the stadium (the arena, facade and roof) was launched in parallel at the same time.
The construction has been completed on 16th of April 2012. Officially the arena was announced open on 7th of May and on 22-26th of May it held its first major event, Eurovision Song Contest 2012 Semi-Final and Final competitions.
Mohammad Mosque was built in 1078-79 by master Mohammmad Abubakir oglu. It is interesting that a band-shape ornament along the frame of the arcade was built with burnt brick which is alien to the Baku-Absheron architecture. The magnificent monument suffered during artillery bombardment from the sea sent by Peter the Great to Baku on a reconnaissance mission and the top of the minaret of its mosque was broken, that is why it is known as “Siniqqala”. Dynamics of spatial composition of the mosque is expressed in the minaret, which overshadows the adjacent buildings. The rehabilitation works have completely restored an architectural image of the ancient mosque that has an epigraphic inscription.
In the mid-1980’s young director and artist Tarlan Gorchu started bringing his idea of creating a marionette theatre in Baku to life. The first show staged was based on Uzeyir Hajibeyli’s musical ‘Arshin Mal Alan’ (The Cloth- Peddler). Its premiere performance took place in France in August, 1990. French newspapers wrote rapturously “Ainsi font les marionnettes...”, “Très gros succèss...”, “Merveilleuses marionnettes!”, “Encore deux soirées pour le plaisir!” – and thus it was agreed to extend the performance... In 1993 the theatre changed its status to municipal theatre, and in 2013 joined the “Icherisheher” Administration. More favorable conditions allowed the team to focus all its creative energy on the staging of Uzeyir Hajibeyli’s opera ‘Leyli & Majnun’. In 2016 the Theatre was able to perform on its permanent stage for the first time. The Baku Marionette Theatre aims to promote the creative legacy of Uzeyir Hajibeyli. Tarlan Gorchu is the founder and artistic leader of the Theatre.
More information: http://marionet.az